Reported Speech (Indirect Speech)


  Reported Speech (Indirect Speech)



1- When Do We Use Reported Speech ? 


1- We use the Reported Speech or "Indirect Speech''   when    we are telling what someone says or said .


-The Reporting verb maybe in the Present or in the Past

A- If it is in the present tense , there are no tense changes  

 B – If it is in the past tense, there are tense , person and place changes

For examples :

Direct speech :   

ü  Mary : “ I am a teacher ”

Reported speech ( Present ) :

ü  Mary says ( that ) she is a teacher .

Reported speech ( Past ) :

ü  Mary said ( that ) she was a teacher .


C – To report a statement we use the reporting verbs :



For examples :

ü  - Say + something :

- Sarah said she liked being a mother


ü   - Tell + someone + something :

-Sarah told me she liked being a mother

ü   - Other reporting verbs : 


-       Claim , explain , reply , announce , declare and promise .


   
      Note : The conjunction “ That’’ can be omitted

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