Auxiliary Verbs Usage

Auxiliary Verbs Usage


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A-Progressive Verbs  




1-present progressive

-In present progressive sentences, the 

verb expresses action that is progress as 

the speaker says it 

*All progressive tenses use a form of "Be"

For example :

* I am working 

(Work is the main verb)


-The auxiliary verb Be is conjugated 

according to the subject "I"


2-Past Progressives

-We use Past Progressives to explain 

what was  happening when some 

other event occurred .

*Form Past Progressives :


-Was or Were + Present Participle.


Look at this examples:

*Sarah was playing tennis when the phone 
range

(was =auxiliary that help us understand 

when the main verb =play happened)


3-Future Progressives

-Use the future progressive tense to 

indicate an action that will continue in the 

future.



*Form Future Progressives:




-Will + Be + Present Participle.

Example:


*I will be going to office at 9:00



( Will,Be =
auxiliary verbs; going

present 



participle completing the verb phrase).

B-Passive Voice:


The passive voice is a sentence begins 

with the performer ofthe Action
( subject, verb , object or person ) this 

action is performed on So this is an active 

sentence .


*Form Passive voice:

*Direct Object as Subject + Form of Be + 

Past Participle + By + Subject as Object of 

the Preposition.


Necessary to review this lesson Form here:


C-Perfect Tenses

Perfect tenses in English explain the 

order of things.


when we use present perfect , we are 

explaining what has happened up until 

now .


1-Present Perfect

 -when we use present perfect , we are 

explaining what has happened up until 

now .

*Form Present Perfect:



-Has or Have + Past Participle.

For example

* I have visited New York many times.

(Have = auxiliary verbvisited = past 

participle completing the verb phrase).

2-Past Perfect


*Past perfect explains what had happened 

in the past before something else 

happened in the past.

*Form Past Perfect:

- Had + Past Participle.

Example:

* I had finished my work.


(Had = auxiliary verbfinished = past 

participle completing the verb phrase).


3- Future Perfect

*Use the future perfect  to indicate that 


an action will be finished in the future.



*Form Future Perfect:

- Will + Have + Past Participle .

Example:

*I will have gone to school .

(Will,Have  = auxiliary verbs;

 gone = past participle completing the 


verb phrase)

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