Waste: types, risks, and disposal methods

Waste: types, risks, and disposal 

methods

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Waste is a total waste of humanitarian 

activities, domestic and agricultural and 

industrial productivity,  all the movables left 

or abandoned somewhere, and left 

threatening and detrimental to health and 

public safety. 


Types of waste: 


Waste is divided into several types in terms of 

severity or quality, including:

1 Waste offices : is the sum of material that 

does not constitute a serious environmental 

problems exist , and easy to get rid of them in 

an environmentally safe manner .


2 Solid waste : the waste material 

consisting 

of metal or glass ... produced for domestic  

and industrial waste and agricultural ... They 

need to be hundreds of years of 

decomposition , and their presence poses an 

environmental risk .

3 Liquid waste : liquid substances are 

formed through the use of water in industrial 

processes and various agricultural . Including: 

oils , water and sanitation . They received in 

estuarine water in rivers or the sea .

4 Waste gas : These are gases or vapors 

resulting from manufacturing workshops , 

which escalated into the air through the flue 

own factories . One of these gases : carbon 

monoxide , sulfur dioxide , oxides of nitrogen  

and the solid particles suspended in the air 

and some  various metal atoms .

The reasons for the spread of waste :

Of the reasons that lead to the spread of 

waste:

· Rapid industrial progress and the high 

amount of industrial waste, and not being 

able to get rid of them at the same speed .

· Adoption of methods of improper waste 

disposal , such as incineration , waste 

dumping in the seas and rivers , throw waste 

in landfills , and the absence of a sense of 

responsibility when mayors , they do not find 

radical solutions to this serious environmental 

problem .

· Lack of effective action to reduce this 

problem , based on activities and individual 

judgments on the levels of small and specific 

areas .

· The absence of strict laws that prohibit 

littering and punish violators to pay fines or 

imprisonment .


· Inability to absorb the vast amount of waste 

in the landfill one .


· Slow in getting rid of waste and uncle having 

enough events , The towns does not collect 

waste only once a week in some areas.


· Citizens neglect and lack of awareness of the 

size of the environmental problem 

caused by the waste.

The fate of the waste:



1- Effluent: Ending to the sea or rivers. 

2- Solid waste: discarded in landfills. 


3- Waste gas: rising into the air.


Effects resulting from the 

contamination of waste:

Air pollution: waste that lead to the 

formation of methane gas, which is rising in 

the air, spreading into the atmosphere and 

lead to air pollution. And the effects of this 

pollution: 

 1- acid rain. 

 2- global warming. 

 3- the spread of respiratory diseases. 


 4- high rate of injuries, nose, chest and heart 
disease. 


Water Pollution: The throw waste in the 

rivers, especially industrial waste, 

agricultural, chemical, lead to water 

pollutionAnd the effects of this pollution: 


1- elimination of life in the water bodies. 

2- poisoning fish and thus a poisoning of the human being.

Soil pollution: waste is disposed of by 

burning or burial, toxic materials into the 

ground, contaminating the soil. And the 

effects of this pollution

1- lack of validity of the soil for planting. 

2- groundwater contamination. 

3- threat vegetation. 

4- deterioration of agricultural production 

and thus the economic level. 


5- desertification and erosion.

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